What are STIs?

Sexually transmitted infections (STI) include bacterial infections (syphilis, gonorrhoea, chlamydia), viruses (HIV, Herpes, HPV), and parasites (Pubic lice, Scabies).

STIs can increase the likelihood of HIV transmission so regular testing and prompt treatment is recommended. For people living with HIV, having an existing STI can increase HIV viral load and decrease your CD4 count.

Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) are on the rise among gay men and men who have sex with men (MSM) including HIV positive men. When testing for HIV a full sexual health check should be performed including STIs. Hepatitis B and C. Anal and oral swabs for syphilis and gonorrhoea should also be performed. These infections are sometimes asymptomatic. Acquiring an STI can increase a PLHIV viral load, so it is recommended PLHIV test for STIs every three months.

How are STIs transmitted?

STIs can be transmitted in a variety of ways including skin to skin contact as well as the passing of body fluids (including vaginal fluids, ejaculate, pre-ejaculate, blood) from one person to another via vaginal/ anal intercourse, oral sex, rimming, fingering, fisting, rubbing of genitals together and touching.

Condoms significantly reduce the risk of STI transmission however many STIs are still able to be passed on via the unprotected area of the penis, so regular testing is still recommended if you are using condoms consistently. Most STIs can be asymptomatic which is another good reason for regular testing.

What is HIV?

HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus. HIV can enter your body via unprotected anal, oral or vaginal sex and through sharing used needles. Once HIV is established in the body, it attacks the immune system and the protective cells called CD4 cells. Once HIV enters these protective cells, HIV multiplies quickly and releases more HIV into the blood infecting other CD4 cells within the body. Once HIV is established in the body, you become HIV positive. Once HIV positive, you remain HIV positive for life.

Without treatment HIV can cause serious health complications and can potentially lead to death through secondary AIDS related illnesses.

Sometimes people who are HIV positive will show no obvious symptoms so regular HIV testing is recommended. Currently there is no cure for HIV.

How is HIV Transmitted?

HIV can be transmitted when blood, semen or vaginal fluid from a HIV+ person enters the body of an HIV negative person via:

  • Unprotected sex.
  • Blood to blood (including sharing injecting equipment).
  • Mother to baby via breast milk.

Where to Test

Clinic 30

30 Helen Street, Teneriffe, QLD 4000

Phone for an appointment 07 3017 1777

Email enquiries clinic30@quac.org.au

Doctor availability (by appointment only):

Dr Tracy Schrader (S100 Prescriber)
Monday 10.00am – 3.30pm
Tuesday 11.00am – 2.30pm
Thursday 11.ooam – 4.30pm
Friday 11.00am – 2.30pm

Dr Bella George (S100 Prescriber)
Monday 1.00pm – 3.30pm
Thursday 3.00pm – 6.00pm

Walk-in Service ( no appointment necessary)
Every Tuesday night – 6.00pm – 8.00pm (Full STI/HIV testing for gay men and msm)


Hervey Bay Neighbourhood Centre

Operates once a fortnight on every second Wednesday

Booking is essential

Call QuAC on (07) 3017 1777 to book

Current hours are 11am to 4pm

22 Charles St, Pialba.



Queensland Sexual Health Services

For a full list of sexual health services across Queensland click here